Virginia Saldanha is a theologian based in Mumbai. She is secretary of the Indian Christian Women's Movement and the Indian Women Theologians Forum. She also has represented laity, family and women's issues in organizations of Asian and Indian bishops.
Men have been dominant as recipients, interpreters and transmitters of divine messages, while women have largely remained passive receivers of teachings and ardent practitioners of religious rituals. Attitudes developed around patriarchal interpretations of religious belief have defined and shaped the social and cultural contexts of Indian women resulting in their disempowerment and second-class status. In India, where politics uses religion as a tool to manipulate the masses, women bear the brunt of the consequences of cultural attitudes and the impact of religion and politics.